Jun Wan1, Jia Sun2, Xiang-Lin Zhao1, An-Sheng Le1, Peng-Bo Ren1, Ming-Xiu Zhan This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.2, Xiao-Qing Lin3, Tong Chen3 

1 Daye Nonferrous Metals Co., Ltd., Huangshi, 435005, Hubei Province, China
2 College of Metrology and Measurement Engineering, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou, 310018, Zhejiang Province, China
3 State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027, Zhejiang Province, China

Received: June 8, 2023
Revised: September 23, 2023
Accepted: October 8, 2023

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.230135  

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Cite this article:

Wan, J., Sun, J., Zhao, X.L., Le, A.S., Ren, P.B., Zhan, M.X., Lin, X.Q., Chen, T. (2023). Emission of Brominated Pollutants from Waste Printed Circuit Boards during Thermal Treatment: A Review. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 23, 230135. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.230135


  • PBDD/Fs were mainly from BFR process, metal recycling and waste incineration.
  • The decomposition temperature for PBDD/Fs was above 1100°C.
  • The bromine conversion rate would be promoted with the .presence of oxygen.
  • PBDD/Fs could be controlled at the whole incineration processes.


With the improvements seen in electronic equipment in recent years, the amount of electronic waste generated has increased dramatically. Researchers must find a way to treat waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs) without harming the environment as soon as possible. The disposal of WPCBs generates many brominated pollutants, which have a great impact on human health and the surrounding environment. At present, research on the WPCB disposal process has mainly been focused on efficient resource recovery; studies of pollutant emission have been limited to chlorinated dioxins, and research on brominated pollutants is relatively limited. This paper summarizes and analyzes the brominated pollutants emitted during the recycling of waste circuit boards, summarizes the sources and paths for the generation of brominated pollutants, and describes a series of studies performed to determine the emission characteristics and impact factors for brominated pollutants. The effects of raw materials, temperature, atmosphere, and reaction time on the emission of brominated pollutants are discussed, as are three methods of controlling the pollutants. It was found that when the temperature was controlled at 850–1200°C, the reaction time was greater than 2 s, the air flow rate was 3–4.5 m s1, and the excess air coefficient was 1–2, the impact of pollutant emissions was relatively small. It is hoped that this paper will provide help to other researchers and practitioners on WPCB recycling.

Keywords: Waste circuit boards, Brominated pollutants, Pollutant control, Emission characteristics, Influence factor, Generate path

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