Ying Wei1, Bingquan Wang2, Ruiyi Ren1, Rui Wang This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1

1 School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, China
2 School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology Qingdao, 266042, China

Received: December 24, 2022
Revised: March 6, 2023
Accepted: March 15, 2023

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.220438  

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Cite this article:

Wei, Y., Wang, B., Ren, R., Wang, R. (2023). Effects of Synthesis Conditions on Rare Earth Doped Iron Oxide Catalyst for Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx with NH3. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 23, 220438. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.220438


  • Different rare earth doped Fe based catalysts were prepared as SCR catalysts.
  • Sm0.075Fe0.925 catalyst showed the optimal deNOx performance.
  • The catalytic activity at different calcination temperatures was investigated.
  • The catalyst constructed with NH3·H2O has the best deNOx performance.
  • The Sm0.075Fe0.925 catalyst showed strong resistance for 0.05% SO2.


A series of rare earth-doped Fe-based oxide catalysts were prepared by co-precipitation method as Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalysts. The effects of the various rare earth species, doping amount of Sm, calcination temperature and the kind of precipitant on the deNOx activity of the catalysts were systematically investigated. The SO2 resistance performance was tested on the optimal catalyst. The catalysts have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), The X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Brunner Emmet Teller (BET). The results showed that the doping of Sm significantly improves the removal efficiency of Fe-based oxides. Sm0.075Fe0.925 catalyst showed the optimal deNOx performance and excellent resistance to SO2. At the optimal doping rate (0.075), the denitrification rate was close to 100% between 200 and 250°C. The calcination temperature has a significant effect on the catalyst. The order of catalytic activity for different calcination temperatures was 350°C ≈ 400°C > 450°C > 500°C. The Sm0.075Fe0.925 achieved 100% the de-NOx efficiencies at calcination temperatures of 350–400°C. It was also found that the deNOx performance of the catalyst prepared by using NH3·H2O as the precipitating agent was better than the catalyst prepared by using (NH3)2CO3 or NaOH as the precipitating agent. Normally a small amount of SO2 would render the catalyst inactive, but the Sm0.075Fe0.925 catalyst was basically regenerated after 0.05% SO2 removal in this resistance test.

Keywords: SCR, Rare earth, Fe oxide, Mesoporous structure, SO2 resistance

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