Xueyan Liu1, Kangping Cui This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1, Yen-Kung Hsieh This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.2, Ya-Fen Wang3, Ruoxin Wang1

1 School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China
2 Marine Ecology and Conservation Research Center, National Academy of Marine Research, Kaohsiung 80661, Taiwan
3 Department of Environmental Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan 32023, Taiwan

Received: April 2, 2022
Revised: June 16, 2022
Accepted: June 19, 2022

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.220160  

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Cite this article:

Liu, X., Cui, K., Hsieh, Y.K., Wang, Y.F., Wang, R. (2022). Study on Air Quality Index, Atmospheric Pollutants and Dry Deposition of PCDD/Fs in the Ambient Air near Southwest China. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.220160


  • The air quality of two cities near southwest China was studied during 2020–2021.
  • AQI distribution of Chengdu and Chongqing in different seasons was analyzed.
  • The changes in PM2.5, NO2, and O3 concentrations were investigated.
  • The behavior of PCDD/F dry deposition in the ambient air was discussed.


This study investigated the AQI (air quality index), atmospheric pollutants (PM2.5, NO2, and O3), and dry deposition of PCDD/Fs in Chengdu and Chongqing, near southwest China from 2020 to 2021. The results showed that the implementation of strict epidemic prevention action led to a significant improvement in the air quality in 2020. However, the air quality index increased again in 2021 as the economic activity was recovered. In February 2020, at the height of the epidemic, the monthly average PM2.5 and NO2 concentrations were estimated as 50.9 µg m–3 and 21.2 ppb, respectively in in Chengdu, and 48.9 µg m–3 and 22.9 ppb, respectively in Chongqing. In February 2021, when the economy was returned to normal, the monthly average PM2.5 and NO2 concentrations were 60.3 µg m–3 and 36.2 ppb respectively in Chengdu and 52.4 µg m–3 and 35.1 ppb, respectively in Chongqing. In addition, since O3 concentrations were influenced by the VOCs–NOx ratio, the reduction of NOx emissions and the increase of VOC emissions during the epidemic control period caused a change in the VOCs–NOx ratio, and thus leading to an increase in O3 concentrations. The monthly average concentration of O3 from March 2021 to May 2021 was significantly lower than that of 2020. Furthermore, the dry deposition flux of PCDD/Fs also changed in the period before and after the epidemic. The dry deposition flux of PCDD/Fs in 2021 was significantly higher than that of 2020, which was associated with the fuel consumption of various industrial plants. This study indeed provided useful information for the contribution of scientific communities and important data bank for the future air quality control.

Keywords: AQI, NO2, O3, PM2.5, PCDD/F, Atmospheric dry deposition

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