Tseren-Ochir Soyol-Erdene This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1,2, Gantuya Ganbat3, Barkhasragchaa Baldorj4 

1 Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Geochemistry, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
2 Department of Environmental and Forest Engineering, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
3 German-Mongolian Institute for Resources and Technology, Nalaikh, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
4 Central Laboratory of Environmental Monitoring, National Agency of Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Received: July 3, 2021
Revised: September 21, 2021
Accepted: October 25, 2021

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.210163  

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Cite this article:

Soyol-Erdene, T.O., Ganbat, G., Baldorj, B. (2021). Urban Air Quality Studies in Mongolia: Pollution Characteristics and Future Research Needs. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.210163


  • We review and discuss research studies on urban air quality in Mongolia.
  • Concentrations, chemical and physical properties of the pollutants are given.
  • Research gaps between the current knowledge and future research are discussed.
  • Research needs are identified for air quality studies in Mongolia.


For the last decades, Mongolia has seen an extensive escalation in population growth, urbanization, and industrialization, together with great increase in mining and usage of vehicles. As a result, a substantial increase has taken place in the types and number of emission sources of air pollutants, especially in urban areas. During the cold season, air pollution level in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, is frequently ranked as the highest in the world. However, due to the lack of air quality management, the country is suffering from a deterioration of air quality.

Despite the worse air pollution situation, due to insufficient research capacity of the country, to date, research works on characteristics of air pollution have mainly been based on current capability and/or collaboration with foreign institutes. The research gap in this area necessitates numerous investigations, which could have great importance in developing mitigating strategies and minimizing the adverse impact of air pollution on local and regional scales. This paper reviews previously available studies and reports in international scientific journals on air quality in Mongolia. Based on the existing research works, future needs of studies on ambient air pollution in Mongolia are suggested.

Keywords: Air pollution, Literature overview, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, Further research recommendations

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