Chuanjie Lin1, Tingting Huo1, Fumo Yang2, Bin Wang1, Yang Chen3, Huanbo Wang This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1 

1 School of Environment and Resource, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, China
2 National Engineering Research Center for Flue Gas Desulfurization, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
3 Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chongqing 400714, China

Received: August 9, 2020
Revised: December 8, 2020
Accepted: December 8, 2020

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

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Lin, C., Huo, T., Yang, F., Wang, B., Chen, Y., Wang, H. (2021). Characteristics of Water-soluble Inorganic Ions in Aerosol and Precipitation and their Scavenging Ratios in an Urban Environment in Southwest China. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 21, 200513.


  • Aerosol and precipitation samples were collected simultaneously over one-year period.
  • Dynamic characteristics of particulate matter during rainfall processes were investigated.
  • Scavenging ratios of major inorganic ions and gas pollutants were estimated.
  • The relative wet scavenging contributions of gases and particles were calculated.


Daily fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and precipitation samples were collected simultaneously at an urban site in southwest China in four segregated months in 2015 for measuring major water-soluble inorganic ions (WSIIs). Online hourly concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 were also monitored, which showed annual mean concentrations of 67.8 and 41.6 µg m–3, respectively. PM2.5 showed the highest concentration in winter and lowest in summer. The annual mean concentration of the total WSIIs was 20.3 µg m–3, accounting for about 48.7% of PM2.5. Among the total WSIIs in ambient PM2.5, SO42– was the predominant component (49.7%), followed by NH4+ (24.1%) and NO3 (21.4%). NH4+ and SO42– were the two most abundant ions in precipitation, followed by Ca2+ and NO3. Seasonal patterns of the major inorganic ions in precipitation were similar to those in PM2.5, with the highest concentration in winter and lowest in summer. The mean scavenging ratios were 454, 445, 364, 456, and 394 for SO42–, NO3, NH4+, Cl, and K+, and 116, 353, and 18 for gas SO2, HNO3, and NH3, respectively. The higher scavenging ratios of particulate ions than their gaseous precursors suggest the higher contributions of particles than gases to the total wet deposition.

Keywords: Wet scavenging, Water-soluble inorganic ions, PM2.5, Precipitation chemistry

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