Wentao Ning1,2, Zhiwen Xing1, Min Wei1,2, Mingyan Li1, Meigen Zhang This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.3,4,5, Houfeng Liu This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1,2

1 College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Ji’nan 250014, China
2 Center for Environmental Technology and Policy Research, Shandong Normal University, Ji’nan 250014, China
3 State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
4 Center for Excellence in Urban Atmospheric Environment, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
5 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 

Received: June 4, 2020
Revised: January 15, 2021
Accepted: January 26, 2021

 Copyright The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.200266  

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Cite this article:

Ning, W., Xing, Z., Wei, M., Li, M., Zhang, M., Liu, H. (2021). Study on the Influence of Regional Transportation on PM2.5 Based on the RAMS-CMAQ Model in Weihai, a Typical Coastal City of Northern China. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 21, 200266. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.200266


  • Regional transport dominated the contribution of PM2.5 pollution in Weihai.
  • Secondary particles were mainly transported over long distances.
  • Nitrate has the strongest transport capacity in PM2.5 components.


Weihai, on the east coast of China, is the only city in Shandong Province that the air quality has reached the Chinese National Ambient Air Quality Class II Standard. However, heavy pollution events still occurred in winter and spring. In this study, the Integrated Source Apportionment Method (ISAM), a source analysis tool coupled with the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System and the Community Multiscale Air Quality modeling system (RAMS–CMAQ), was used to quantify the contribution of regional transport to PM2.5 and its main components in Weihai during February to March in 2018. The results showed that regional transport dominated PM2.5 pollution in Weihai, and the contributions of transport outside Weihai in February and March were 55.6–65.5% and 61.3–68.6%, respectively. Different components in PM2.5 showed the proportion of pollutants varies enormously. Secondary particles were mainly transported via long distances. The proportion of long-range transportation of nitrate had the highest value, and the contribution of regional transportation outside Weihai was 87.5–92.5% and 88.2–91.7%, followed by sulfate, which was 67.9–80.6% and 80.8–86.2%, and the proportion of ammonium salt is the lowest, contributed for 38.8–70.8% and 41.1–71.9% in February and March, respectively. Black carbon (BC), organic carbon (OC), and ions (ions here include chloride, sodium, magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron, aluminium, silicon, titanium, manganese, and other major nonspecific fine particles) were mainly influenced by short-range transportation and local emissions. The contributions of BC outside Weihai were 26.0–49.8% and 34.2–55.2%, the values for OC were 33.5–52.9% and 41.0–53.0%, those for ions were 37.8–49.9% and 44.1–54.4%, respectively. The trajectories indicate that PM2.5 pollution in Weihai is significantly affected by transport from Shandong Province, North China, Northeast China and other regions Thus, the improvement in air quality in Weihai requires strengthening interregional joint pollution prevention.

Keywords: PM2.5, CMAQ-ISAM, Regional transport, Coastal city

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