Violeta Kaunelienė , Marija Meišutovič-Akhtarieva, Tadas Prasauskas, Darius Čiužas, Edvinas Krugly, Karolina Keraitytė, Dainius Martuzevičius

Department of Environmental Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas LT50254, Lithuania

Received: April 18, 2019
Revised: June 30, 2019
Accepted: July 6, 2019
Download Citation: ||  

Cite this article:
Kaunelienė, V., Meišutovič-Akhtarieva, M., Prasauskas, T., Čiužas, D., Krugly, E., Keraitytė, K. and Martuzevičius, D. (2019). Impact of Using a Tobacco Heating System (THS) on Indoor Air Quality in a Nightclub. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 19: 1961-1968.


  • Air quality in a night club following THS usage was investigated.
  • 30 simultaneous THS users may result in increased exposure to nicotine and particles.
  • Operating night club had ~ten times worse IAQ compared to THS usage alone.
  • Cigarette smoking may be the most important pollution factor despite of partial ban.


Heated tobacco products potentially reduces the risks of nicotine use. With most of the research on heated tobacco products (also known as “heat-not-burn” tobacco products) focusing on mainstream smoke, data on second-hand smoke has been limited to several chamber studies, and the effect on the indoor air quality in real-world settings has not yet been reported. Consequently, in this work, we assessed the pollution generated by a tobacco heating system (THS) in a hospitality venue. Volunteers used the THS in a nightclub during non-operating hours. Additionally, the indoor air quality of the club was evaluated during operating hours. The real-time aerosol particle concentration and the off-line carbonyl, nicotine and 3-ethenylpyridine concentrations were measured. The observed particle number concentrations were 1E+4, 5E+4, 1E+5 and 1E+6 to 1E+7 # cm–3 for the background, 10 users, 30 users and the club during operation, respectively, representing an increase by an order of magnitude for each subsequent scenario. The club featured relatively high background concentrations of gaseous pollutants, presumably due to third-hand smoke, and using the THS in the club during non-operating hours did not significantly affect the majority of these concentrations, with nicotine being an exception. Despite the increase in the background particle number and mass concentrations due to THS use, these values were still an order of magnitude lower than during operating hours.

Keywords: Indoor air quality; Heat not-burn; Environmental tobacco aerosol; Nicotine; Hospitality venue.


Don't forget to share this article 


Subscribe to our Newsletter 

Aerosol and Air Quality Research has published over 2,000 peer-reviewed articles. Enter your email address to receive latest updates and research articles to your inbox every second week.

Latest coronavirus research from Aerosol and Air Quality Research

2018 Impact Factor: 2.735

5-Year Impact Factor: 2.827

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Aerosol and Air Quality Research (AAQR) is an independently-run non-profit journal, promotes submissions of high-quality research, and strives to be one of the leading aerosol and air quality open-access journals in the world.