Shida Chen1, Kangping Cui 1, Jinning Zhu 1, Yixiu Zhao1, Lin-Chi Wang2,4, Justus Kavita Mutuku3

School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 246011, China
Department of Civil Engineering and Geomatics, Cheng Shiu University, Kaohsiung 83347, Taiwan
Department of Environmental Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
Center for Environmental Toxin and Emerging-Contaminant Research, Cheng Shiu University, Kaohsiung 83347, Taiwan

Received: January 19, 2019
Revised: February 28, 2019
Accepted: February 28, 2019
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Chen, S., Cui, K., Zhu, J., Zhao, Y., Wang, L.C. and Mutuku, J.K. (2019). Effect of Exhaust Gas Recirculation Rate on the Emissions of Persistent Organic Pollutants from a Diesel Engine. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 19: 812-819.


  • Conventional “criteria” air pollutants from diesel engine with EGR 0% and EGR 5%.
  • PAH concentration in the exhaust of a diesel engine.
  • PCDD/F concentration in the exhaust of a diesel engine.
  • PCB concentration in the exhaust of a diesel engine.


This study investigates the emission characteristics of toxic organic pollutants (PAHs, PCDD/Fs, and PCBs) generated by a heavy-duty diesel engine operating at various exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) rates during steady-state cycles. Tests on the exhaust gas composition were conducted before and after changing the EGR ratio. The fuel used in the study (B2 diesel) was a mixture of 2% biodiesel and 98% diesel. The main focus was on the emission factors for the organic toxic pollutants in the exhaust gas after EGR ratios of 0% and 5% were applied. At an EGR ratio of 5%, the total mass emission factors for the PAHs and PCBs increased by 9.1 times and 14.4 times, respectively, while the toxicity equivalent factors increased by 4.0 times and 4.8 times, respectively. A significant increase in pollutants with a higher molecular weight, particularly for the PAHs, was observed after applying an EGR ratio of 5%, implying incomplete combustion. The emission factors of carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitric oxides (NOx) decreased by 2.5% and 54.4%, respectively, when the EGR ratio was increased from 0% to 5%, but those of PM and carbon monoxide (CO) increased by 60.5% and 66%, respectively. Therefore, a combination of control strategies is necessary in order to achieve a significant reduction in the emission of all pollutants.

Keywords: EGR; PCDD/Fs; PAHs; PCBs; Diesel engines; Engine emissions.


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