Tatiya Wannomai1, Patiya Kemacheevakul 1,2, Paitip Thiravetyan3


Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok 10140, Thailand
Center of Excellences on Hazardous Substance Management (HSM), Bangkok 10330, Thailand
School of Bioresources and Technology, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok 10150, Thailand



Received: September 10, 2018
Revised: December 21, 2018
Accepted: January 3, 2019
Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2018.09.0334  


Cite this article:
Wannomai, T., Kemacheevakul, P. and Thiravetyan, P. (2019). Removal of Trimethylamine from Indoor Air Using Potted Plants under Light and Dark Conditions. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 19: 1105-1113. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2018.09.0334


HIGHLIGHTS

  • Trimethylamine (TMA) can be removed by various kinds of potted plants.
  • Light conditions have a significant effect on plant mechanism for TMA removal.
  • The highest TMA removal (95.4%) is achieved in Scindapsus aureus (light conditions).
  • Cactus has high removal efficiency under both light and dark conditions.

ABSTRACT


A phytoremediation was evaluated as a solution for mitigating the fishy odor, or trimethylamine (TMA), that occurs in the seafood industry, including fresh markets. A synthetic TMA chemical was used to generate the fishy odor, and eight types of potted plants—Prickly pear cactusDracaena sanderiana Sander, Dieffenbachia camillaTradescantia spathaceaPeperomia magnoliifoliaChlorophytum comosumCereus hexagonus (L.) Mill., and Scindapsus aureus—were selected as candidates for removing TMA in light and dark conditions. The results showed that S. aureus had the highest TMA removal efficiency in light conditions after 72 h (> 95%). However, it had very low efficiency under dark conditions, suggesting that S. aureus should be placed in locations with all-day light sources. On the other hand, cactus types (C. hexagonus (L.) Mill. and Prickly pear cactus) are highly efficient at removing TMA in both light and dark conditions after 72 h (> 90%) and may therefore be more suitable for real-world environments containing both light and dark conditions.


Keywords: Fishy odor; Phytoremediation; Trimethylamine; Potted plant; Light conditions.

 



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