Pan Zhang1, Jihai Duan2, Guanghui Chen2, Weiwen Wang 2

College of Electromechanical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266069, China
College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266043, China

Received: June 14, 2018
Revised: December 5, 2018
Accepted: November 11, 2019
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Cite this article:
Zhang, P., Duan, J., Chen, G. and Wang, W. (2019). Numerical Investigation on Gas-solid Flow in a Circumfluent Cyclone Separator. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 19: 971-980.


  • The gas-solid flow pattern in CFC was investigated.
  • CFC Shortened gas flow path and improved cut flow.
  • A cone angle of 24° produces an optimal separation performance.


The efficient removal of fine dust from exhaust gas reduces the harm to human health and minimizes material waste. A circumfluent cyclone (CFC) was designed to perform with increased gas-solid separation efficiency and decreased pressure drop compared to conventional cyclone separators, and its flow pattern and velocity distribution were investigated. Commercial computational fluid dynamics software was used to simulate the 3D-gas-flow field using the Reynolds stress model (RSM). The simulation results (e.g., for the velocity profile, pressure drop, and separation efficiency) were in good agreement with the experimental results and indicated that about 78% of the gas flows directly out of the CFC through the inner cylinder and then the vortex finder, which significantly shortens the cleaned gas flow path and thereby reduces friction loss. The CFC also decreases the shortcut flow rate near the vortex finder entrance, reducing particle escape. Finally, the discrete particle model (DPM) was used to predict the flow pattern of particles of different sizes.

Keywords: Circumfluent cyclone; Flow pattern; Separation efficiency; Pressure drop.


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