Giwoon Sung1, Hyeong-U Kim2, Dongjoo Shin1, Weon Gyu Shin3, Taesung Kim 1,2

School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea
SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology (SAINT), Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Korea

Received: February 26, 2017
Revised: April 17, 2018
Accepted: April 19, 2018
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Cite this article:
Sung, G., Kim, H.U., Shin, D., Shin, W.G. and Kim, T. (2018). High Efficiency Axial Wet Cyclone Air Sampler. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 18: 2529-2537.


  • Axial wet cyclone was designed for bioaerosol sampling at 500 L min–1.
  • The cut-off point was approximately 1.1 µm for collection efficiency at 500 L min–1.
  • The observed collection efficiency was almost 100% for large-sized PSL (> 3 µm).
  • The cyclones were designed with different sampling rates using Stokes Number.


Early detection of highly contagious viral diseases is particularly important for controlling and minimizing the spread of these viruses. Moreover, the sampling of airborne viruses is a crucial step towards an effective epidemic diagnosis. However, most air samplers require long sampling times, and real-time virus detection is consequently not possible. Therefore, in this study, an axial-type wet cyclone capable of obtaining highly concentrated samples in an outdoor environment in real time was developed. In the newly designed axial wet cyclone, the airborne particles are firstly collected by centrifugal force in cyclone vanes rotating several times and then captured by inertial force before the air enters the outlet. The collection efficiency at 500 L min–1 was tested with polystyrene latex (PSL), and it was observed that the air sampler efficiency for 1.1 µm and 2 µm PSL was approximately 50% and 90%, respectively. For the large-sized PSL (> 3 µm), the observed collection efficiency was almost 100%. The Stokes number was used to design geometrically similar cyclones with air sampling rates of 100 L min–1 and 300 L min–1. The results of the scaled sampler show a somewhat lower collection efficiency than for the 500 L min–1 device but with lower liquid consumption and a lower pressure drop. For 100 L min–1 and 300 L min–1 samplers, the cutoff point for collection efficiency was approximately 1.5 µm and 3 µm PSL, respectively.

Keywords: Cyclone; Airborne virus; Axial type; Collection efficiency.


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