Boming Liu1, Wei Gong1,2, Yingying Ma 1,2, Ming Zhang1, Jian Yang3, Miao Zhang4,5

State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing (LIESMARS), Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
Collaborative Innovation Center for Geospatial Technology, Wuhan 430079, China
Department of Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
School of Environmental Science and Tourism, Nanyang Normal University, Nanyang 473061, China
Henan Province Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Monitoring of Natural Disasters, Nanyang 473061, China

Received: January 10, 2018
Revised: May 25, 2018
Accepted: July 24, 2018
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Cite this article:
Liu, B., Gong, W., Ma, Y., Zhang, M., Yang, J. and Zhang, M. (2018). Surface Aerosol Optical Properties during High and Low Pollution Periods at an Urban Site in Central China. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 18: 3035-3046.


  • Aerosol optical properties are analyzed on different pollution days over Wuhan.
  • The σap shows well positive correlation with PM2.5 concentrations in clean periods.
  • The σsp and PM2.5 concentrations had good positive correlation at pollution days.


The aerosol scattering (σsp) and absorption (σap) coefficients and single scattering albedo (SSA) were continuously measured and analyzed at an urban site in Wuhan of central China from November 2014 to July 2017. The average σsp (532 nm), σap (532 nm), and SSA in Wuhan during the study period were 244 ± 212 Mm–1, 27 ± 17 Mm–1, and 0.86 ± 0.09, respectively. The aerosol optical properties had pronounced and distinctive diurnal cycles in the Wuhan area. The σsp and σap exhibited the highest values between 06:00 and 08:00 local time (LT) and the lowest values between 14:00 and 16:00 LT, which was mainly due to being coupled with increasing traffic emissions. PM2.5 was a major contributor to the large optical parameters. During pollution periods, the mean σsp (624 Mm–1) was roughly 3 times that during clean periods (214 Mm–1), and the σap (58 Mm–1) was about 2.5 times that during clean periods (24 Mm–1). The wind speed and direction also strongly affected the aerosol optical properties during the different periods. The high σsp and σap values for the pollution periods were accompanied by calm winds (0–2 m s–1), from 0° to 45°, whereas the low σsp and σap values of the clean periods were observed with high wind speeds (above 4 m s–1), from 0° to 90°. Moreover, the σap showed a clear positive correlation (R2 = 0.412) with the PM2.5 concentrations for the clean periods, whereas the σsp had a good positive correlation (R2 = 0.406) with the PM2.5 concentrations during the pollution periods.

Keywords: Aerosol scattering coefficients; Aerosol absorption coefficients; Single scattering albedo; Haze pollution; PM2.5.


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