Songtao Liu , Haikuan Yang, Zhibo Zhang, Jianmeng Chen, Chuanmin Chen, Tianxiang Guo, Yue Cao, Wenbo Jia

Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071000, China

Received: December 10, 2017
Revised: March 14, 2018
Accepted: April 17, 2018
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Cite this article:
Liu, S., Yang, H., Zhang, Z., Chen, J., Chen, C., Guo, T., Cao, Y. and Jia, W. (2018). Emission Characteristics of Fine Particles from Wet Flue Gas Desulfurization System Using a Cascade of Double Towers. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 18: 1901-1909.


  • The particle removal properties of wet flue gas desulfurization with double towers.
  • The differences between single and double towers WFGD in particle removal.
  • The entrained mass on particles in the process of desulfurization was estimated.



The removal of fine particles from coal-fired flue gas using chemical and physical reactions was investigated experimentally in a wet flue gas desulfurization (WFGD) system with a cascade of double-towers system. The flue gas particles were collected by an Andersen 8-stage impactor, and their mass concentration and particle size distribution were investigated. Based on analysis via scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM-EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES), the morphological characteristics and the major and minor-element concentrations of particles were studied. The results indicate that the size distribution of fly ash particles at the inlet of the WFGD system was typically distributed bimodally. Although a bimodal distribution was still observed after the desulfurization, all the peaks had decreased. Furthermore, the content of S and Ca increased. Fine particles in the flue gas consisted of about 26.48% limestone and 41.19% gypsum particulate matter, eventually forming the Ca11.3Al14O32.3 crystal. The net removal efficiency of the double tower WFGD system reached 84.16% for the original particles, which was similar to that of the conventional single tower system. The entrainment of recirculated slurry contributed to the submicron particle emissions, and the total removal efficiency of the double tower WFGD system decreased to 51.1%.

Keywords: Wet Flue Gas Desulfurization; Particle; Coal-fired power plant; Emission characteristics; Cascade of Double Towers.


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