Taosheng Jin This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.1, Miao Han1, Kun Han1, Xuemei Fu1, Limin Xu1, Xiaohong Xu2

State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Urban Ambient Air Particulate Matter Pollution Prevention and Control, Nankai University, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin 300071, China
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario N9B 3P4, Canada



Received: November 28, 2017
Revised: February 6, 2018
Accepted: February 8, 2018

Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.11.0461  

Cite this article:

Jin, T., Han, M., Han, K., Fu, X., Xu, L. and Xu, X. (2018). Health Risk of Ambient PM10-bound PAHs at Bus Stops in Spring and Autumn in Tianjin, China. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 18: 1828-1838. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.11.0461


  • Spring/Autumn (Mar/Sep) ratio of PAHs concentrations at bus stops was 2.
  • Life time carcinogenic risk exposed to ambient PAHs at bus stops were lower than 10–7.
  • The positive correlations among PAH species at each site suggest common sources.


A study was conducted to measure ambient concentrations of PM10 and PM10-bound PAHs to estimate health risks due to exposure to PAHs during wait times at bus stops in September 2012 and March 2014. Samples were collected by personal exposure monitors at Balitai and Haiguangsi bus stops in Tianjin, China. The equivalent concentration of benzo[a]pyrene (BaPeq) was used to estimate the health risks of PAHs in PM10 inhaled by passengers waiting at these bus stops. The results showed the average PM10 level was higher in autumn (non-heating season) compared to spring (heating season) (307 ± 67 µg m–3 vs. 226 ± 100 µg m–3). When averaged over the two bus stops, concentrations of total PAHs in PM10 were much higher during spring compared to autumn (417 vs. 193 ng m–3), while BaPeq was slightly lower during spring (29.7 vs. 32.8 ng m–3). The incremental lifetime cancer risks (ILCR) at the two bus stops, Balitai and Haiguangsi, in spring were 9.0 × 10–8 and 4.5 × 10–8, and in autumn were 1.1 × 10–7 and 7.7 × 10–8, respectively. All these risk values were lower than the acceptable risk range of 10–6–10–4 approved by US Environmental Protection Agency.

Keywords: Particulate matter; Human exposure; Incremental lifetime cancer risks.

Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 18 :1828 -1838 . https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.11.0461  

Don't forget to share this article 


Subscribe to our Newsletter 

Aerosol and Air Quality Research has published over 2,000 peer-reviewed articles. Enter your email address to receive latest updates and research articles to your inbox every second week.

Latest coronavirus research from Aerosol and Air Quality Research

2018 Impact Factor: 2.735

5-Year Impact Factor: 2.827

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Aerosol and Air Quality Research (AAQR) is an independently-run non-profit journal, promotes submissions of high-quality research, and strives to be one of the leading aerosol and air quality open-access journals in the world.