Yu Zheng1,2, Huizheng Che 2, Xiangao Xia3, Yaqiang Wang2, Hujia Zhao2, Hong Wang2, Victor Estellés4, Linchang An5, Ke Gui2, Tianze Sun2, Boshi Kang6, Deguang Zhang7, Chunyang Zhao8, Chong Liu9, Zhuozhi Shu1, Yongliang Sun1, Bingbo Huang1, Rongfan Chai1, Tianliang Zhao1, Xiaoye Zhang2

Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Ministry of Education/Joint International Research Laboratory of Climate and Environment Change/Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters/Key Laboratory for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation of China Meteorological Administration, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather (LASW) and Institute of Atmospheric Composition, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, CMA, Beijing 100081, China
Laboratory for Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation (LAGEO), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
Departament de Física de la Terra i Termodinàmica, Universitat de València, 46100 Burjassot Valencia, Spain
National Meteorological Center, CMA, Beijing 100081, China
Meteorological Equipment Support Center, Liaoning Meteorological Bureau, Shenyang 110016, China
Inner Mongolia Institute of Meteorology Sciences, Inner Mongolia Meteorological Bureau, Hohhot 010051, China
Meteorological Observatory, Shenzhen Meteorological Bureau, Shenzhen 518040, China
School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China

Received: October 18, 2017
Revised: January 29, 2018
Accepted: February 7, 2018
Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.10.0396  

  • Download: PDF

Cite this article:
Zheng, Y., Che, H., Xia, X., Wang, Y., Zhao, H., Wang, H., Estellés, V., An, L., Gui, K., Sun, T., Kang, B., Zhang, D., Zhao, C., Liu, C., Shu, Z., Sun, Y., Huang, B., Chai, R., Zhao, T. and Zhang, X. (2018). A Comparative Analysis of Aerosol Microphysical, Optical and Radiative Properties during the Spring Festival Holiday over Beijing and Surrounding Regions. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 18: 1774-1787. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.10.0396


  • High aerosol concentrations and lower PBLH contributed to the pollution episode.
  • Increasing trends of AOD and α were found during the holiday period.
  • High volumes of fine-mode particles indicated anthropogenic activities.
  • Organic aerosols and black carbon caused by fireworks may lead to high AAOD.



Using ground-based data, meteorological observations, and atmospheric environmental monitoring data, a comparative analysis of the microphysical and optical properties, and radiative forcing of aerosols was conducted between three stations in different developed environments during a severe air pollution episode during the Spring Festival over Beijing. During the most polluted period, the daily peak values of the aerosol optical depth were ~1.62, ~1.73, and ~0.74, which were about 2.6, 2.9, and 2.1 times higher than the background levels at the CAMS, Xianghe, and Shangdianzi sites, respectively. The daily peak values of the single scattering albedo were ~0.95, ~0.96, and ~0.87. The volume of fine-mode particles varied from 0.04 to 0.21 µm3 µm–2, 0.06 to 0.17 µm3 µm–2, and 0.01 to 0.10 µm3 µm–2, which were about 0.3 to 5.8, 1.1 to 4.7, and 1.2 to 8.9 times greater than the background values, respectively. The daily absorption aerosol optical depth was ~0.01 to ~0.13 at CAMS, ~0.03 to ~0.14 at Xianghe, and ~0.01 to ~0.09 at Shangdianzi, and the absorption Ångström exponents reflected a significant increase in organic aerosols over CAMS and Xianghe and in black carbon over Shangdianzi. Aerosol radiative forcing at the bottom of the atmosphere varied from –20 to –130, –40 to –150, and –10 to –110 W m–2 for the whole holiday period, indicating the cooling effect. The potential source contribution function and concentration-weighted trajectory analysis showed that Beijing, the southern parts of Hebei and Shanxi, and the central northern part of Shandong contributed greatly to the pollution.

Keywords: Air pollution; Aerosol optical properties; Radiative forcing; Spring Festival holiday; Beijing.


Share this article with your colleagues 


Subscribe to our Newsletter 

Aerosol and Air Quality Research has published over 2,000 peer-reviewed articles. Enter your email address to receive latest updates and research articles to your inbox every second week.

79st percentile
Powered by
   SCImago Journal & Country Rank

2023 Impact Factor: 2.5
5-Year Impact Factor: 2.8

Aerosol and Air Quality Research partners with Publons

CLOCKSS system has permission to ingest, preserve, and serve this Archival Unit
CLOCKSS system has permission to ingest, preserve, and serve this Archival Unit

Aerosol and Air Quality Research (AAQR) is an independently-run non-profit journal that promotes submissions of high-quality research and strives to be one of the leading aerosol and air quality open-access journals in the world. We use cookies on this website to personalize content to improve your user experience and analyze our traffic. By using this site you agree to its use of cookies.