Wen-Bin Yang1, Chung-Shin Yuan 1, Wei-Hsiang Chen1, Ying-Hsien Yang2, Chung-Hsuang Hung3

  • 1 Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan
  • 2 Department of Environmental Resources Management, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan 71710, Taiwan
  • 3 Department of Safety, Health and Environmental Engineering, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 81164, Taiwan

Received: August 19, 2017
Revised: September 14, 2017
Accepted: September 15, 2017
Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.08.0276  

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Cite this article:
Yang, W.B., Yuan, C.S., Chen, W.H., Yang, Y.H. and Hung, C.H. (2017). Diurnal Variation of Greenhouse Gas Emission from Petrochemical Wastewater Treatment Processes Using In-situ Continuous Monitoring System and the Associated Effect on Emission Factor Estimation. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 17: 2608-2623. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.08.0276


  • Develop a novel monitoring system to measure GHG emissions from a petrochemical WWTP.
  • Determine the temporal variation of GHGs from the WWTPs and major influential factors.
  • IPCC overestimates CO2, CH4 and N2O emissions by 13, 8 and 5% for WWTP, respectively.



The temporal variation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in a petrochemical wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) was investigated in this study. Two approaches including an in-situ continuous monitoring and a typical grab sampling methods were also compared. The in-situ continuous monitoring method provided more detailed information regarding the temporal variations of GHG concentrations. A sufficient sampling frequency (e.g., once every 6 hours) for the grab sampling method is required to effectively resolve the diurnal variations of GHG concentrations. This study highlights significant diurnal variations of GHG concentrations in different wastewater treatment units. Only with proper and reliable sampling and analytical methods, it becomes possible to correctly identify the characteristics of GHG emissions and to develop strategies to curtail the GHG emissions from such an important source in response to regulatory measures and international treaties. This study revealed that N2O was the dominant species responsible for GHG emissions in the WWTP and the emission factors of CH4 and N2O were higher in the equalization tank and final sedimentation tank compared to other units. We further compared the GHG emission factors of this study with other literatures, showing that the GHG emission factors were lower than those measured in Netherlands, Australia, and IPCC, but similar to those measured in Japan.

Keywords: Wastewater treatment; Diurnal variation; Emission factor; Greenhouse gas; In-situ continuous measurement; Grab sampling method

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