Junho Hyun1, Jangseop Han2, Sang-Gu Lee1, Jungho Hwang 1,2

Graduate program of Clean Technology, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea

Received: August 5, 2017
Revised: December 19, 2017
Accepted: December 27, 2017
Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.08.0263  

Cite this article:
Hyun, J., Han, J., Lee, S.G. and Hwang, J. (2018). Design and Performance Evaluation of a PN1 Sensor for Real-Time Measurement of Indoor Aerosol Size Distribution. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 18: 285-300. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.08.0263


  • A particle number (PN) sensor for < 1 µm was designed and fabricated.
  • PN1 sensor is comprised of three unit (classification, charging, detection).
  • PN1 sensor measures the total particle number concentration and GMD.
  • The results measured by PN1 sensor were similar with those of SMPS, Pegasor AQ.


Airborne particulate matter is an important factor in the quality of an indoor environment. In this study, a miniaturized particle sensor was developed to detect submicron-sized aerosols based on number counting. This particle number (PN) sensor was designed and fabricated for real-time measurement of total aerosol number concentration and geometric mean diameter. The sensor (hereafter called as PN1 sensor) comprised a particle-classification unit, a particle-charging unit, and a particle-detection unit. After integrating all the three units, the total number concentration and the geometric mean diameter of test aerosol particles were determined and the results were compared with those obtained using commercial instruments. First, the PN1 sensor was compared with a condensation particle counter (CPC) in lab-test. For this, different groups of monodisperse sodium chloride particles between 20 and 700 nm in diameter were used. Then the PN1 sensor was compared with a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) and an aerodynamic particle sizer (APS). For this, the PN1 sensor data were obtained by varying the combination of two corona voltage and test particles (sodium chloride and polystyrene latex) size distribution. In addition to lab-test, field test was carried out with indoor aerosols in different places. The number concentration and geometric mean diameter of indoor aerosols were measured by PN1 sensor and compared with SMPS data. The number concentration was also compared with the results of CPC and Pegasor AQ Indoor (Pegasor, Finland) measurements.

Keywords: PN1 sensor; Virtual impactor; Corona charger; Aerosol electrometer; Particle size distribution.


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