Jian Wu1, Linghong Chen 1, Jianwu Zhou1, Xuecheng Wu1, Xiang Gao1, Gérard Gréhan2, Kefa Cen1

  • 1 State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
  • 2 UMR 6614/CORIA, CNRS, BP12 76801 Saint Etienne du Rouvray, France

Received: June 23, 2017
Revised: July 23, 2017
Accepted: July 24, 2017
Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.06.0216  

  • Download: PDF

Cite this article:
Wu, J., Chen, L., Zhou, J., Wu, X., Gao, X., Gréhan, G. and Cen, K. (2017). Particle Size Distribution of Soot from a Laminar/Diffusion Flame. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 17: 2095-2109. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.06.0216


  • An explicit solution was proposed for acquiring soot particle size distribution.
  • Critical time intervals for the inversions with the solution were found.
  • Influences of experimental conditions on the inversions were evaluated.
  • Experiments on a laminar diffusion flame were performed to validate the solution.



A practical method is proposed to determine the inflame soot particle size distribution via an explicit solution derived from time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII). Three appropriate time intervals are selected from the TiRe-LII decay signal. The equivalent mean sizes as well as relative ratios of number densities for three classes of monodisperse particles are determined with the mono-exponential fit to each interval, which allows an explicit solution for the particle size distribution. Simulations show that inversed log-normal distributions from the explicit solution are coincident with the input parameters in terms of trend, and there exist critical time intervals where inversed results are most insensitive to the variation of interval length. The error of inversion is critically dependent on the geometric standard deviation but weakly dependent on the count median particle diameter. Influences of experimental conditions on the inversed error are additionally evaluated. The results show that flame temperature has a significant impact on the error of inversion. Thus, a database of the error as a function of flame temperature at a fixed aggregate size is established. The error database allowed the inversed results from experimental TiRe-LII signals to be readily corrected at various flame locations by interpolation. The corrected inversed log-normal distributions were consistent in trend with those determined from the established non-linear regression method, and the modeling LII signals reproduced agree with the experimental data. The small deviation of the results potentially stemmed from the statistical noise contained in recorded LII signals.

Keywords: Soot particle size; Laser-induced incandescence; Explicit solution; Error database

Share this article with your colleagues 


Subscribe to our Newsletter 

Aerosol and Air Quality Research has published over 2,000 peer-reviewed articles. Enter your email address to receive latest updates and research articles to your inbox every second week.

77st percentile
Powered by
   SCImago Journal & Country Rank

2022 Impact Factor: 4.0
5-Year Impact Factor: 3.4

Call for Papers for the special issue on: "Carbonaceous Aerosols in the Atmosphere"

Aerosol and Air Quality Research partners with Publons

CLOCKSS system has permission to ingest, preserve, and serve this Archival Unit
CLOCKSS system has permission to ingest, preserve, and serve this Archival Unit

Aerosol and Air Quality Research (AAQR) is an independently-run non-profit journal that promotes submissions of high-quality research and strives to be one of the leading aerosol and air quality open-access journals in the world. We use cookies on this website to personalize content to improve your user experience and analyze our traffic. By using this site you agree to its use of cookies.