Shuo Zhang1, Xinbo Zhu1, Chenghang Zheng1, Daqing Hu2, Jian Zhang2, Xiang Gao 1

  • 1 State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
  • 2 Zhejiang Tiandi Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd, Hangzhou 310003, China

Received: December 22, 2016
Revised: July 30, 2017
Accepted: August 5, 2017
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Cite this article:
Zhang, S., Zhu, X., Zheng, C., Hu, D., Zhang, J. and Gao, X. (2017). Study on Catalytic Soot Oxidation over Spinel Type ACo2O4 (A = Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) Catalysts. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 17: 2317-2327.


  • Catalytic soot oxidation was performed over spinel catalysts.
  • ZnCo2O4 displayed the best performance among prepared catalysts.
  • Oxygen mobility was enhanced with Zn substitution in A-site.
  • Surface Co3+ species played a major role in catalytic soot oxidation.
  • Nitric oxide facilitated the catalytic soot oxidation.



In this study, a series of spinel type ACo2O4 (A = Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) catalysts were synthesized via a citric acid complex method for catalytic soot oxidation. The effects of A sites on the removal of soot particles and CO2 selectivity was investigated. The best performances for soot oxidation was achieved over ZnCo2O4 with the T50 of 569°C. The textural and redox properties of the ACo2O4 catalysts were tested using BET, XRD, H2-TPR, O2-TPD, XPS. The substitution of A site caused the change of Co3+/(Co2+ + Co3+) ratios as well as the oxygen mobility in the spinel structure. Both Co2+ and Co3+ species were observed on the surface of ACo2O4 catalyst, and Co3+ species were more easily to be reduced to lower states, thus improved the catalytic performance. Compared to other catalysts, the interactions between Zn and Co species led to larger surface area, higher relative concentration of surface active Co3+ and more chemisorbed oxygen species. Additionally, the activity of the catalysts on soot oxidation were inhibited in the presence of sulfur dioxide and water vapor, while nitric oxide facilitated the catalytic activity.

Keywords: Soot oxidation; Spinel type; Cobalt species; Oxygen mobility; A site

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