Palanichamy Gandhidasan , Habib I. Abualhamayel, Faheemuddin Patel

Mechanical Engineering Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia

Received: November 10, 2016
Revised: May 13, 2017
Accepted: June 5, 2017
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Cite this article:
Gandhidasan, P., Abualhamayel, H.I. and Patel, F. (2018). Simplified Modeling and Analysis of the Fog Water Harvesting System in the Asir Region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 18: 200-213.


  • Simplified modeling of the mesh type fog water harvesting system is presented.
  • Aerodynamic efficiency has impact on the overall fog collection efficiency.
  • Fog water capture depends on the LWC, shade coefficient and the Stokes number.
  • More fog water can be harvested with the mesh shade coefficient of about 0.56.
  • The impact of the fog collection system will attract tourism in the region.


Scarcity of fresh water is one of the greatest obstacles to achieve the sustainable development in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. About thirty desalination plants are built to satisfy the Kingdom needs. The Kingdom is in need of new unconventional water resources such as fog water harvesting system which will complement the existing water resources in the Asir region. This region is facing major challenges due to the flourishing tourism, irrigation in agriculture and rising living standards. Passive mesh type fog collector is analyzed in the current study to predict the rate of fog water collection by combining a physically based impaction and aerodynamic models. The results indicate that the greater volumes of water can be harvested from the fog associated with higher wind speeds, bigger sizes of fog droplet and higher liquid water content in the fog-laden winds with the threshold mesh shade coefficient of about 0.56. It is found that the aerodynamic efficiency has a significant impact on the overall fog collection efficiency compared to the impaction efficiency. The model shows that for the fog droplet size of 30 µm with the wind speed of 4 m s–1, it is possible to collect the fog water at the rate of 0.65 to 9.7 L m–2 per hour when the liquid water content (LWC) in the fog varies from 0.2 to 3 g m–3, respectively.

Keywords: Fog harvesting; Passive artificial mesh type fog collector; Impaction and aerodynamic models; Optimum shade coefficient; Overall fog water collection efficiency.


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