Kevin L. Civerolo 1, Oliver V. Rattigan1, H. Dirk Felton1, James J. Schwab2

  • 1 New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Air Resources, Albany, NY 12233, USA
  • 2 Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12203, USA

Received: April 6, 2016
Revised: June 14, 2016
Accepted: July 1, 2016
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Cite this article:
Civerolo, K.L., Rattigan, O.V., Felton, H.D. and Schwab, J.J. (2017). Changes in Gas-Phase Air Pollutants across New York State, USA. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 17: 147-166.


  • Anthropogenic emissions have declined substantially in the US since the 1980s.
  • Consistent with the emission reductions, air quality in New York, USA has improved.
  • CO, NO2, and SO2 have decreased sharply in rural and urban areas across New York.
  • Peak O3 concentrations, occurring during the warmer months, have declined.
  • O3 is increasing at the low end of the distribution in all seasons across New York.



Over the past several decades, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) has monitored air quality in urban, suburban, and rural locations across the state. Such data are used to determine compliance with national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS), as well as track the effectiveness of pollutant emission controls. This paper summarizes the changes in gas-phase criteria and related pollutants on an annual, seasonal and diurnal basis across New York, USA. Annual average and peak concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and sulfur dioxide (SO2) have decreased by 50% or more since 1980 across New York, generally consistent with anthropogenic emissions reductions across different source sectors over the past 35 years. At the same time, annual average concentrations of the secondary pollutant ozone (O3) appear flat or are increasing even though peak daily 8-hour concentrations have declined. This pollutant will likely remain a challenging public health issue for the foreseeable future.

Keywords: Air pollution trends; Emissions trends; Criteria pollutants; Air monitoring; Air quality standards

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