Chih-Chung Lin1, Kuo-Lin Huang1, Hsiu-Lin Chen2, Jen-Hsiung Tsai1, Yu-Ping Chiu1, Jia-Twu Lee1, Shui-Jen Chen 1

  • 1 Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Nei-Pu, Pingtung, Taiwan
  • 2 Department of Industrial Safety and Health, Hung Kuang University, Taichung, Taiwan

Received: September 10, 2014
Revised: October 17, 2014
Accepted: October 19, 2014
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Cite this article:
Lin, C.C., Huang, K.L., Chen, H.L., Tsai, J.H., Chiu, Y.P., Lee, J.T. and Chen, S.J. (2014). Influences of Beehive Firework Displays on Ambient Fine Particles during the Lantern Festival in the YanShuei Area of Southern Taiwan. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 14: 1998-2009.


  • This study describes influences of beehive firework on fine aerosols.
  • The aerosols dominate in PM2.5 during the beehive fireworks display.
  • The beehive firework ultrafine aerosols are rich in Cl, K+, and Mg2+ ions.



This study investigates water-soluble ions in the sized particles (particularly Aitken nuclei mode (dp ≤ 0.1 µm, PM0.1)/accumulation mode (0.1 < dp ≤ 1.0 µm, PM0.1–1.0)) collected using a MOUDI sampler in the YanShuei area of southern Taiwan during a beehive fireworks display. The results indicate that the PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations (437 µg/m3 and 572 µg/m3, respectively) at the leeward sampling site are 12.5 and 4.6 times higher than the corresponding national standards of daily mean values (35 and 125 µg/m3, respectively) during the beehive fireworks display. Closely examining PM accumulation fractions reveals that the accumulation mode particles dominate in the sized collected particles during the beehive fireworks display. Additionally, the K+ concentrations in PM1.0, PM2.5, and PM2.5–10 are 317, 349, and 249 times higher than those of its background value, while those of Cl are 91, 64, and 6.9 times greater than those of its background value. For ultrafine particles, the D/B (During the beehive fireworks display/Background) values of particle-bound Cl, K+, and Mg2+ increase significantly during the beehive fireworks display at the leeward sampling site. Moreover, the maxima D/B value of K+ is 196 in the 0.1–0.18 mm size range, revealing that the beehive firework aerosols are rich in Cl, K+, and Mg2+ ions.

Keywords: Beehive fireworks display; Water-soluble ions; Short-term pollution; Ultrafine

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