Yang Li 1, Hujia Zhao2, Yunfei Wu3

  • 1 Meteorological Observation Center, CMA, Beijing 100081, China
  • 2 Institute of Atmospheric Environment, China Meteorological Administration, Shenyang 110016, China
  • 3 Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment for Temperate East Asia(RCE-TEA), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China

Received: August 5, 2014
Revised: November 7, 2014
Accepted: November 10, 2014
Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2014.08.0158 

  • Download: PDF


Cite this article:
Li, Y., Zhao, H. and Wu, Y. (2015). Characteristics of Particulate Matter during Haze and Fog (Pollution) Episodes over Northeast China, Autumn 2013. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 15: 853-864. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2014.08.0158


HIGHLIGHTS

  • PM1.0, PM2.5 & PM10 were measured in Northeast China (NEC) during pollution period.
  • PM1.0/PM2.5 ratios indicate a greater proportion of PM1.0 during pollution period.
  • The results provide useful information to recognizing air pollution in NEC region.

 

ABSTRACT


Mass concentrations of particulate matter (PM), including PM1.0, PM2.5 and PM10, were measured from October 13th to November 30th 2013 at eight sites in Northeast China to evaluate their variations during pollution periods. Five major pollution periods were identified during the autumn of 2013. The maximum daily average PM2.5 concentrations were 437 ± 85 µg/m3 and 322 ± 50 µg/m3 in Harbin and Shenyang, respectively. The minimum was 75 ± 28 µg/m3 in Dandong. The presence of finer particles was significantly related to visibility degradation during pollution periods. Wind speeds had a negative correlation with PM concentrations, while high relative humidity (RH) favored the formation of haze in Northeast China.

Visibility on non-hazy days was approximately 2.5–3.0 times greater than that on hazy days. During hazy days, the PM1.0:PM2.5 ratios were 0.89 ± 0.04, 0.85 ± 0.04 and 0.91 ± 0.04 at Anshan, Shenyang and Dandong, respectively. These results show that PM1.0 was the dominant particle pollutant in Northeast China during periods of pollution. High RH and low wind speeds during hazy days may favor the accumulation of atmospheric pollutants. The results of this study provide useful information toward recognizing air pollution episode characteristics in Northeast China.


Keywords: PM; Visibility; Haze; Northeast China


Subscribe to our Newsletter 

Aerosol and Air Quality Research has published over 2,000 peer-reviewed articles. Enter your email address to receive latest updates and research articles to your inbox every second week.

Coronavirus COVID-19 articles from Aerosol and Air Quality Research

2018 Impact Factor: 2.735

5-Year Impact Factor: 2.827


SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Sign up to AAQR Newsletter

Sign up to receive latest research, letters to the editors, and review articles, delivered to your inbox every second week!