Tong Chen , Ming-Xiu Zhan, Xiao-Qing Lin, Jian-Ying Fu, Sheng-Yong Lu, Xiao-Dong Li, Alfons Buekens, Jian-Hua Yan

  • State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Zhejiang University, (null), China

Received: April 14, 2014
Revised: June 25, 2014
Accepted: July 21, 2014
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Cite this article:
Chen, T., Zhan, M.X., Lin, X.Q., Fu, J.Y., Lu, S.Y., Li, X.D., Buekens, A. and Yan, J.H. (2015). PCDD/Fs Inhibition by Sludge Decomposition Gases: Effects of Sludge Dosage, Treatment Temperature and Oxygen Content. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 15: 702-711.


  • Sludge drying gases suppressed 90% of PCDD/Fs and 90% of I-TEQ.
  • 300°C was the best sludge drying temperature in terms of PCDD/Fs inhibition.
  • The oxygen contents slightly influence upon the suppression capabilities.
  • PCDD/Fs were suppressed least when NH3 and SO2 injected together.



Sludge decomposition gases (SDG) have been identified as potential PCDD/F-inhibitors, since they contain high concentrations of NH3 and SO2 as well as various unidentified N- and S-compounds. The effects of sludge dosage, its treatment temperature and oxygen content on PCDD/Fs suppression were observed during test runs using a model fly ash (MFA) system, generating high chlorinated PCDD/Fs. The experiments were carried out in two parts: a first set with SDG of undefined composition, and a second with injection of NH3 and SO2 combined in three different concentration ratios. It was observed that the SDG evolving from dried sludge (DS) could suppress the formation of 2,3,7,8-substituted PCDD/Fs even with very high efficiency (> 99%), both in weight units and in I-TEQ units. Such suppression was somewhat stronger for PCDD than PCDF. It was also found that 300°C might be a suitable sludge decomposition temperature when using SDG as suppressant in PCDD/Fs inhibition. Moreover, the oxygen content only slightly influenced upon the suppression capabilities. The results revealed that SO2 was more effective than NH3 in suppressing PCDD/Fs formation, with suppression efficiencies of 61.9% and 38.6%, respectively. Remarkably, the formation of OCDD/Fs was inhibited least and even further formation could occur when both NH3 and SO2 were injected together as simulated flue gas. The results exposed that NH3 and SO2 might be the primary PCDD/Fs suppressants resulting from mild thermal decomposition of sludge. However, further parameters should be evaluated and adjusted before SDG could be used in large-scale applications.

Keywords: Inhibition; SO2; PCDD/Fs; NH3; Sludge decomposition gases

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