Cite this article: Pervez, S., Chakrabarty, R., Dewangan, S., Watson, J.G., Chow, J.C., Matawle, J.L. and Pervez, Y. (2015). Cultural and Ritual Burning Emission Factors and Activity Levels in India.
Aerosol Air Qual. Res.
15: 72-80. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2014.01.0022
Real-world Emission Factors (EFs) of speciated organic (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) fractions emitted from Asian cultural/ritual burning practices.
Country level annual emission estimates of OC and EC from cultural/ritual burning practices.
Real-world particulate matter, organic carbon, and elemental carbon (OC and EC) emission measurements were measured for different cultural and ritual burning practices. These were (g/kg): 11.36 (OC), 0.27 (EC) and 31.04 (RPM) for Marriage Events; 27.04 (OC), 0.18 (EC) and 123.82 (RPM) for Muslim Holy Shrines; 25.99 (OC), 0.85 (EC) and 47.93 (RPM) for Buddhist Temples; and 3.47 (OC), 7.96 (EC) and 20.13 (RPM) for Hindu Temples. When projected to reasonable levels of such activities throughout India, the total annual emissions would be 72.38 Gg/yr, comparable to those from transport (165 Gg/yr), power plants (19 Gg/yr), agricultural waste burning (428 Gg/yr) and forest and savannah burning (176 Gg/yr).
Keywords: Emission factors; OC and EC fractions; Cultural and ritual performances; Combustion activities; Asian Brown Haze