Shamsh Pervez 1, Shippi Dewangan1, Rajan Chakrabarty2, Barbara Zielinska2

  • 1 School of Studies in Chemistry, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur- 492010 (C.G.), India
  • 2 Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV 89512, USA

Received: September 24, 2013
Revised: December 20, 2013
Accepted: December 20, 2013
Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2013.09.0291  

  • Download: PDF


Cite this article:
Pervez, S., Dewangan, S., Chakrabarty, R. and Zielinska, B. (2014). Indoor VOCs from Religious and Ritual Burning Practices in India. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 14: 1418-1430. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2013.09.0291


 

ABSTRACT


Measurements of selected volatile organic compounds (VOCs), known as markers of emissions resulting from burning practices using natural- and synthetic biomaterials, have been carried out in major religious/ritual-indoors in India. Four different religious/ritual-indoors were selected for monitoring purposes: 1) Hindu Marriage Places (MP), 2) Muslim Holy Shrines (MG), 3) Buddhist Temples (BT), and 4) Hindu Temples (HT). One pure residential-indoor (RESID) site was also examined for comparison studies. Indoor VOCs sampling was carried out throughout the three seasons of summer, fall and winter of the calendar year of 2012–2013 in Raipur, India. VOCs samples, collected by passive sampling over a 48-h period, were analyzed using thermal desorption (TD), followed by high-resolution gas chromatographic separation and mass spectrometric detection (GC/MS). A total of 14 volatile organic compounds (n-hexane, cyclohexane, n-heptane, n-octane, n-nonane, n-decane, n-undecane, styrene, o-xylene, m,p-xylene, 1,2,4-trimethyl benzene, ethylbenzene, benzene, and toluene.) were quantified. The annual mean concentrations for total VOCs (TVOCs) were 216.61 ± 75.15, 656.34 ± 220.82, 681.75 ± 219.83, 129.51 ± 45.24 and 82.67 ± 40.96 µg/m3 for MP, MG, BT, HT and RESID respectively. The results were found to be higher than the prescribed standards and earlier reported indoor VOCs levels. Indoor/outdoor ratios (I/O), correlation analyses, seasonal variations and indoor/outdoor contributions to the measured levels are also investigated.


Keywords: VOCs; Indoor air quality; Seasonal variation; Religious and ritual places; Indoor/outdoor ratio


Share this article with your colleagues 

 

Subscribe to our Newsletter 

Aerosol and Air Quality Research has published over 2,000 peer-reviewed articles. Enter your email address to receive latest updates and research articles to your inbox every second week.

6.5
2021CiteScore
 
 
77st percentile
Powered by
Scopus
 
   SCImago Journal & Country Rank

2021 Impact Factor: 4.53
5-Year Impact Factor: 3.668

Aerosol and Air Quality Research partners with Publons

Aerosol and Air Quality Research partners with Publons

Aerosol and Air Quality Research (AAQR) is an independently-run non-profit journal that promotes submissions of high-quality research and strives to be one of the leading aerosol and air quality open-access journals in the world. We use cookies on this website to personalize content to improve your user experience and analyze our traffic. By using this site you agree to its use of cookies.