T. Nishanth 1, K.M. Praseed2, M.K. Satheesh Kumar3, K.T. Valsaraj4

  • 1 Department of Physics, Sree Krishna College Guruvayur, Kerala, 680102, India
  • 2 Department of Physics, Sir Syed College, Taliparamba. Kannur, Kerala, India
  • 3 Department of Physics, Govt. Brennen College, Thalassery, Kerala, India
  • 4 Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA

Received: November 22, 2012
Revised: September 3, 2013
Accepted: September 3, 2013
Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2012.11.0323 

  • Download: PDF

Cite this article:
Nishanth, T., Praseed, K., Kumar, M.S. and Valsaraj, K. (2014). Observational Study of Surface O3, NOx, CH4 and Total NMHCs at Kannur, India. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 14: 1074-1088. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2012.11.0323



This paper presents the results of measurements of the surface ozone (O3), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), methane (CH4) and total non-methane hydrocarbons (TNMHCs) in a rural coastal location at Kannur (11.9°N, 75.4°E, 5 m asl), India from November 2009 to December 2011. The diurnal cycle for surface O3 had a peak in the afternoon and declined during nighttime. The maximum and minimum mixing ratio of surface O3 was observed in winter and monsoon seasons respectively. NOx concentration was high during mid-night to early morning and low during noontime. The diurnal variations of mixing ratios for NOx and O3 were anti-correlated. Monthly average maximum (2.26 ± 0.44 ppmv) and minimum (0.43 ± 0.19 ppmv) CH4 concentrations were observed in December and August respectively. The diurnal variations of CH4 were similar to that of NOx. A CH4 buildup was observed during early morning hours throughout the observational period. On an annual basis, the maximum, minimum and average total NMHCs were (25.45 ± 6.58 ppbv), (13.84 ± 4.31 ppbv), and (19.23 ± 5.56 ppbv) respectively at the observational site. Analysis of O3, NO, NO2, CH4 and NMHC have been carried out and the correlation between O3 and its precursors is discussed detailed. Further, the diurnal variation of O3 over a free tropospheric region at Ooty, a hill station lying in the Western Ghats region of south India on clear sky days in February 2011 is also reported for a comparison.

Keywords: Air pollution; Seasonal variations; Surface ozone; Photochemical production; Hydrocarbons

Don't forget to share this article 


Subscribe to our Newsletter 

Aerosol and Air Quality Research has published over 2,000 peer-reviewed articles. Enter your email address to receive latest updates and research articles to your inbox every second week.

Latest coronavirus research from Aerosol and Air Quality Research

2018 Impact Factor: 2.735

5-Year Impact Factor: 2.827

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Sign up to AAQR Newsletter

Sign up to receive latest research, letters to the editors, and review articles, delivered to your inbox every second week!