Bi-Jun Wu, Hsunling Bai , I-Kai Lin, Hsiang-Hsing Liu

  • Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan

Received: July 25, 2011
Revised: October 3, 2011
Accepted: October 3, 2011
Download Citation: ||  

  • Download: PDF

Cite this article:
Wu, B.J., Bai, H., Lin, I.K. and Liu, H.H. (2012). Metal Corrosion of Al-Si-Cu Pattern Wafer Due to Chloride Ion Contaminants. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 12: 104-112.



Chloride ions (Cl) induce metal corrosion of integrated circuits and cause wafer scrap events in the clean room environment. In this study, Al-Si-Cu pattern wafers were designed to monitor critical Cl concentration which leads to metal corrosion effects in a simulated airborne molecular contamination (AMC) mini-environment. The simulated Cl contamination was generated by HCl permeation tube in a mini-environment; meanwhile, the HCl concentrations in the mini-environment and the real fab were monitored by a real-time Ion Mobility Spectrometry (IMS) instrument. The exposed Al-1%Si-0.5%Cu pattern wafers were analyzed by the surface scanner, the optical microscope (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) analyzer. The critical HCl concentration where metal corrosion defects could be occurred and found on the wafer surface was around 2.9–4.7 ppbv for simulated mini-environment exposure within 1 hour, and 2.9–4.2 ppbv for real fab ambient air exposure within only 10 minutes. The results indicated that the Al-Si-Cu pattern wafer with TiW barrier layer is more sensitive than the Al-Cu pattern wafer with TiN barrier layer. It also proved that the permeation tube method can be served as a stable Cl simulated source, which can control the simulated mini-environment to be within ~4% error in ppbv levels.

Keywords: Airborne molecular contaminants (AMCs); Chloride contamination; Cleanroom micro-contamination; HCl; Pattern wafer; Semiconductor device

Don't forget to share this article 


Subscribe to our Newsletter 

Aerosol and Air Quality Research has published over 2,000 peer-reviewed articles. Enter your email address to receive latest updates and research articles to your inbox every second week.

Latest coronavirus research from Aerosol and Air Quality Research

2018 Impact Factor: 2.735

5-Year Impact Factor: 2.827

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Aerosol and Air Quality Research (AAQR) is an independently-run non-profit journal, promotes submissions of high-quality research, and strives to be one of the leading aerosol and air quality open-access journals in the world.