S.P. Baxla1, A.A. Roy1, Tarun Gupta 1, S.N. Tripathi1, R. Bandyopadhyaya 2

  • 1 Department of Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineering Programme, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016, India
  • 2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016, India

Received: November 30, 2009
Revised: November 30, 2009
Accepted: November 30, 2009
Download Citation: ||https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2009.03.0017  

  • Download: PDF

Cite this article:
Baxla, S., Roy, A., Gupta, T., Tripathi, S. and Bandyopadhyaya, R. (2009). Analysis of Diurnal and Seasonal Variation of Submicron Outdoor Aerosol Mass and Size Distribution in a Northern Indian City and Its Correlation to Black Carbon. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 9: 458-469. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2009.03.0017



The seasonal and diurnal behavior of atmospheric submicron aerosol was studied in the northern Indian city of Kanpur in the Indo Gangetic Plain during July 2006–May 2007. The size distribution and mass concentration of the aerosol in the range of 15-700 nm was measured using a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS). Simultaneously, black carbon (BC) measurement was made using an aethalometer. The measurements were recorded for four different seasons, viz. monsoon, post-monsoon, winter and pre-monsoon. The diurnal variation of BC and submicron aerosol mass followed very similar trends in all the seasons. This is evident by the fact that BC had strong positive correlation with the submicron aerosol mass (0.83 ≤ R ≤ 0.96, where R is the Pearson’s correlation coefficient). Both peaked once in the morning [07:00-09:00 local time (LT)], and once in the night (20:00-22:00 LT). The peak concentrations varied from season to season, which could be attributed to seasonal variation in anthropogenic activity, traffic movement and atmospheric boundary layer conditions. The background aerosol number concentration in winter (~105 #/cm3) was an order of magnitude higher than that observed in other seasons (~104 #/cm3); and on a foggy day in the winter, it was twice as high as that seen on a clear winter day. The fraction (FBC) of the BC mass concentration in the submicron aerosol was observed to be highest in monsoon (0.18 ± 0.13), followed by pre-monsoon (0.08 ± 0.02) and post-monsoon (0.05 ± 0.01), with the lowest in winter (0.03 ± 0.01).

Keywords: SMPS; Black carbon; Submicron aerosol; Kanpur; Outdoor monitoring

Share this article with your colleagues 


Subscribe to our Newsletter 

Aerosol and Air Quality Research has published over 2,000 peer-reviewed articles. Enter your email address to receive latest updates and research articles to your inbox every second week.

77st percentile
Powered by
   SCImago Journal & Country Rank

2022 Impact Factor: 4.0
5-Year Impact Factor: 3.4

Aerosol and Air Quality Research partners with Publons

CLOCKSS system has permission to ingest, preserve, and serve this Archival Unit
CLOCKSS system has permission to ingest, preserve, and serve this Archival Unit

Aerosol and Air Quality Research (AAQR) is an independently-run non-profit journal that promotes submissions of high-quality research and strives to be one of the leading aerosol and air quality open-access journals in the world. We use cookies on this website to personalize content to improve your user experience and analyze our traffic. By using this site you agree to its use of cookies.