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A Sampler for Collecting Fine Particles into Liquid Suspensions

Category: Technical Note

Volume: 20 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 654-662
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2019.12.0616

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To cite this article:
Wang, D., Jiang, J., Deng, J., Li, Y. and Hao, J. (2020). A Sampler for Collecting Fine Particles into Liquid Suspensions. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 20: 654-662. doi: 10.4209/aaqr.2019.12.0616.

Dongbin Wang 1,2, Jingkun Jiang1,2, Jianguo Deng1, Yuyang Li1, Jiming Hao1,2

  • 1 State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • 2 State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Sources and Control of Air Pollution Complex, Beijing 100084, China


  • A particle sampler is developed to collect fine particles into liquid suspension.
  • A novel high flow rate collection impactor is utilized.
  • Lab and field tests show a collection efficiency of over 85% for this sampler.


In this study, we developed a particle sampler for aerosol suspensions (PSAS) that collects ambient PM2.5 directly as liquid suspensions. The PSAS, which operates at a sampling rate of 50 L min–1, first pre-selects fine particles with a custom-designed PM2.5 inlet and then enlarges them into 2–5 µm droplets via condensational growth with a saturation-condensation unit. Subsequently, the enlarged droplets are sequentially collected in our novel collection impactor as liquid suspensions. Laboratory evaluations indicate good collection efficiencies for the PSAS with both polydisperse and monodisperse fine particles, with 85% of the particles being effectively preserved in the collected suspensions. Field evaluations suggest good agreement between the PSAS suspensions and parallel filter samples for the analyzed chemical components (water-soluble Fe(II) and Cr(VI)) in the ambient PM2.5. Thus, the PSAS is suitable for long-term particle collection and can be used to facilitate the online chemical and toxicological analysis of ambient PM2.5.


Aerosol sampler PM2.5 Suspension samples Condensational growth Droplet impactor

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