Mitigation and adaptation are two climate approaches for reducing risks and preparing for hazards caused by the climate change. The development of low-carbon resilient cities must integrates mitigation and adaptation, which has great potential in decarbonization and natural disaster prevention However, limited studies have focused on systematizing the low-carbon resilience approach. To address this problem, this study aims to develop an implementation plan of low-carbon resilient cities. A theoretical framework is designed to analyze integrated strategies and key performance indicators for low-carbon resilient cities. Two related schemes, the “SIEGE” scheme and “5P” scheme, are provided to assist in the planning and governance. Challenges for implementing a low-carbon resilience approach are discussed from institutional, regulatory, financial, technical and communication perspectives. Guided by the theoretical frameworks and practical strategies, cities will be able to move towards social equality, energy-efficiency, hazards preparedness, governing-effectiveness and innovation.