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Impact of Extreme Meteorological Events on Ozone in the Pearl River Delta, China

Category: Urban Air Quality

Volume: 19 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 1307-1324
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2019.01.0027
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Xiaohua Lin, Zibing Yuan , Leifeng Yang, Huihong Luo, Wenshi Li

  • School of Environment and Energy, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China

Highlights

  • First characterization of spatiotemporal variation of EMEs impact on O3 in the PRD.
  • O3 pollution are initiated by HW and AS while maintained by persistent AS and TI.
  • AS impact on O3 concentration and exceedance is comparable with 10 K and 6 K temp increase.
  • Siberian high and typhoon approach are crucial for EMEs impact on O3.

Abstract

Along with rapid economic development in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of China for the past two decades, ozone (O3) pollution has deteriorated significantly. Extreme meteorological events (EMEs), including heat wave (HW), atmospheric stagnation (AS), and temperature inversion (TI), exert significant impacts on O3. Base on observational O3 data and meteorological reanalysis data, we analyze the impact of EMEs on O3 during O3 season of April–October in 2006–2017 over the PRD. Statistical analysis indicates significant but spatially heterogeneous sensitivities of O3 to EMEs. AS poses the largest impact on O3 concentration over the PRD, resulting in 58% increase compared with normal days, while the increases by HW and TI are 28% and 14%, respectively. O3 pollution events are largely initiated by HW and AS which favor formation and build-up of O3, while O3 pollution events are maintained mostly by persistent AS and TI. HW poses higher impacts on northern and eastern PRD, while AS impacts more on central and western PRD. The effect of AS on O3 concentration is similar as 10 K temperature increase during non-AS days, while the effect of AS and TI on O3 exceedance is comparable with 6 K temperature increase during non-EMEs condition. O3 concentrations under different synoptic patterns are largely associated with the occurrence of AS, and Siberian high and the approaching of a tropical cyclone are the dominant synoptic patterns for EMEs impact on O3 and largely determines the long-term increasing trend of O3 concentration over the PRD. This study highlights the importance of establishing a location-specific O3 control strategy targeting on normal conditions and O3 pollution events separately. This study also provides scientific support to use EMEs forecast as an indicator to implement contingency O3 control in advance so as to maximize peak O3 reduction over the PRD.

Keywords

Extreme meteorological events O3 Synoptic patterns Spatial heterogeneity Pearl River Delta


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