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Research Progress of Gaseous Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Purification by Adsorption

Category: Control Techniques and Strategy

Volume: 19 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 911-924
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2018.11.0398
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Xiong Yang1,2, Ziyi Li 1,2, Yingshu Liu1,2, Yi Xing1,2, Jinchao Wei3, Bentao Yang3, Chuanzhao Zhang4, Ralph T. Yang5, Chuen-Jinn Tsai6

  • 1 School of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
  • 2 Beijing Higher Institution Engineering Research Center of Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection, Beijing 100083, China
  • 3 Zhongye Changtian International Engineering Co., Ltd., Changsha 410205, China
  • 4 College of Biochemical Engineering, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100023, China
  • 5 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  • 6 Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan

Highlights

  • The latest advances in the field of PAHs adsorption are critically reviewed.
  • Mesoporous adsorbents have the advantages of fast adsorption and facile desorption.
  • The significant factors on the balance between adsorption and desorption are studied.

Abstract

Gaseous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are carcinogenic and mutagenic pollutants and also able to promote the growth of secondary particulate matters, which have attracted great attention in recent years. Control of PAHs emissions in exhaust gases using different techniques has been hot topics in the atmospheric environment field. Adsorption is one of the most effective ones and is well accepted by industries in gaseous pollutant removal in which the adsorbent characteristics play critical roles. In this paper, the latest advances in the field of PAHs adsorption are critically reviewed with special emphasis on adsorption-desorption characteristics and related applications. Studies on adsorption equilibrium, kinetics, and desorption properties of PAHs as special low-volatile gases on conventional activated carbons and novel mesoporous adsorbents are summarized and compared, showing the advantages of mesoporous adsorbents over traditional adsorbents in terms of the fast adsorption and facile desorption. The significant factors on the optimal balance between adsorption and desorption as well as the corresponding adsorbent materials are discussed in detail. This work can be a reference for further studies on adsorptive purifications of PAHs and other low-volatile gases.

Keywords

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Low volatility Adsorption Desorption Adsorbents


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