OPEN ACCESS

Articles online

Pollution Characteristics of Thermal Treatments for Elutriated Ashes. Part 2: Comparison with Incineration System and Plasma Melting System

Category: Control Techniques and Strategy

Volume: 18 | Issue: 10 | Pages: 2695-2703
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2018.05.0158
PDF

Export Citation:  RIS | BibTeX

Yi-Ming Kuo 1, Jhong-Lin Wu2, Jian-Wen Wang1, Li-Te Yin3

  • 1 Department of Safety Health and Environmental Engineering, Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology, Tainan City 71703, Taiwan
  • 2 Environmental Resource Management Research Center, Cheng Kung University, Tainan City 70955, Taiwan
  • 3 Department of Optometry, Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology, Tainan City 71703, Taiwan

Highlights

Melting of elutriated incinerator ashes was evaluated.
The PCDD/F concentration of the flue gas met the regulated standard in Taiwan.
Performance comparison between incineration and plasma melting systems was investigated.


Abstract

This study investigated the pollution characteristics of a plasma melting system and compared its performance with that of the incineration system that was reported in Part 1 of this study. The heavy metals and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) in input and output materials during elutriation and plasma melting processes were analyzed. The elutriation process dissolved NaCl and caused an increase in the PCDD/Fs of raw mixed incinerator ashes. After being melted with waste silica gel, the PCDD/F level of elutriated ashes was greatly reduced, and the output mass/input mass ratio was only 0.000188, which was much lower than that of the co-incineration process (0.34). The powdery and porous structure of elutriated ashes was transformed into a glassy amorphous structure after the plasma melting process, and the slag was regarded as a non-hazardous product that can be recycled directly. The concentration of pollutants in the flue gas was much lower than the regulated standards. Although the operational cost of the plasma melting process is higher than that of the incineration process, the plasma melting process has a superior effect on the stabilization of elutriated ashes and is thus a preferable treatment method.

Keywords

Elutriated ash Stabilization Slag Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran Heavy metal


Related Article

Salinity-enhanced Release of Trace Metals from Sandstone and Variations in Mineral Compositions after Water-rock Interactions in the Presence of Supercritical CO2

Jiin-Shuh Jean, Huan-Wen Lin, Zhaohui Li, Huai-Jen Yang, Hsing-I Hsiang , Kenn-Ming Yang, Chien-Li Wang, Yun-Hwei Shen, Chun-Chih Kuo, Wen-Chin Kuo

Insights into the Effect of Adsorption–Desorption Cycles on SO2 Removal over an Activated Carbon

Shaojun Liu, Xinning Yu, Guoxin Lin, Ruiyang Qu, Chenghang Zheng, Xiang Gao
Article In Press
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2018.07.0269
PDF
;