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Volatile Organic Compounds Emission from Chinese Wood Furniture Coating Industry: Activity-based Emission Factor, Speciation Profiles, and Provincial Emission Inventory

Category: Air Toxics

Volume: 18 | Issue: 11 | Pages: 2813-2825
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2018.02.0044
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Ke Cheng 1, Wei-Wei Hao1, Peng Yi 2, Yang Zhang1, Jia-Yu Zhang1

  • 1 Henan Key Laboratory for Environmental Pollution Control, Key Laboratory for Yellow River and Huai River Water Environment and Pollution Control, Ministry of Education, School of Environment, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, China
  • 2 Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China


VOCs emission factors from wood furniture coating industry were developed.
Mass concentrations and source profiles of VOCs emission were analyzed.
Uncertainties of emission factors were quantified.
Provincial VOCs emission inventory was established.


Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have been identified as the most crucial precursors of tropospheric photochemical O3 formation and secondary organic aerosols. In this study, field measurement was conducted to develop VOCs emission factors and source profiles of the wood furniture coating industry in China. An activity-based database was established, involving coat consumption-based, coating area-based, furniture production-based, and output value-based VOCs emission factors. Combining the results of field tests and literature surveys, emission factors were calculated by enterprise scale, coating type, spraying technology, and emission control device. The uncertainties were quantified by using Monte Carlo simulations. VOCs emission factors were estimated: 0.22 (0.10–0.34, 95% CI) kg kg–1 for coat consumption-based; 21.97 (10.10–29.38) g m–2 for coating area–based; 0.69 (0.34–1.00) kg piece–1 for furniture production-based; and 6.95 (3.42–10.21) kg 10–4 yuan for output value–based calculation, respectively. Aromatics and oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs) were predominant species of solvent borne paint emission, with the proportion of 71.1% and 22.9% of totals, respectively. VOCs emissions from the wood furniture coating industry were estimated at 179.76 × 103 (88.58 × 103–260.52 × 103, 95% CI) t in 2016. Due to the huge production output and intensive distribution of enterprises, VOCs emissions mainly concentrated in Guangdong, Zhejiang, Shandong, Fujian, Jiangxi, and Sichuan province, with the combined contribution of 43.8% of the national totals.


Wood furniture coating industry VOCs Activity-based emission factor Source profile Emission inventory

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