Articles online

Thermophoresis and Brownian Motion Effects on Nanoparticle Deposition Inside a 90° Square Bend Tube

Category: Aerosol Source, Formation, Transport, Deposition, and its Chemical and Physical Processes

Volume: 18 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 1746-1755
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2018.02.0047
PDF | RIS | BibTeX

Zhao-Qin Yin, Xian-Feng Li, Fu-Bing Bao , Cheng-Xu Tu, Xiao-Yan Gao

  • Institute of Fluid Mechanics, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310018, China


Air physical parameters changing with temperature has been considered.
Brownian force and thermophoretic force have different effect on nanoparticles.
Particle diameter and gas temperature change deposition efficiency of particles.


Aerosol nanoparticle deposition onto a surface under a temperature gradient is commonly applied in the chemical and medical industries. In this study, a numerical investigation with a two-phase model is used to investigate the deposition characteristics of nanosized particles in a 90° square bend. The effects of variations in the gas phase physical parameters, such as density, viscosity, and thermal diffusivity with changing temperatures are studied. The main forces acting on the particles are the drag forces, Brownian forces, and thermophoretic forces. A discrete phase model (DPM) based on the FLUENT software is used to investigate particle transfer. The results show that in a temperature gradient flow, particles move towards the colder wall, and some of them strike and deposit onto its surface. The particle deposition efficiency increases with the temperature gradient rising. The Brownian force plays a more important role in particle deposition when smaller particles are used. Because of inertia and gravity, particle deposition on the four surfaces of a 90° square bend tube is inhomogeneous. The deposition efficiency on the floor surface increases with increasing particle diameter. On the contrary, larger particles decrease the deposition efficiency on the ceiling surface.


Aerosol nanoparticle Thermophoretic force Brownian force Deposition

Related Article

Mass Concentrations and Carbonaceous Compositions of PM0.1, PM2.5, and PM10 at Urban Locations of Hanoi, Vietnam

Nguyen Thi Thu Thuy, Nghiem Trung Dung , Kazuhiko Sekiguchi, Ly Bich Thuy, Nguyen Thi Thu Hien, Ryosuke Yamaguchi
Volume: 18 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 1591-1605
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.11.0502
PDF | Supplemental material

Agricultural Burning and Air Quality over Northern India: A Synergistic Analysis using NASA’s A-train Satellite Data and Ground Measurements

Hiren Jethva , Duli Chand, Omar Torres, Pawan Gupta, Alexei Lyapustin, Falguni Patadia
Volume: 18 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 1756-1773
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.12.0583
PDF | Supplemental material

Effects of Wintertime Polluted Aerosol on Clouds over the Yangtze River Delta: Case Study

Chen Xu, Junyan Duan, Yanyu Wang, Mei Li, Tiantao Cheng , Hua Wang , Hailin Zhu, Xin Xie, Yuehui Liu, Yan Ling, Xiang Li, Lingdong Kong, Qianshan He, Hongli Wang, Renjian Zhang
Volume: 18 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 1799-1816
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.09.0322
PDF | Supplemental material