While brown carbon (BrC) might play a substantially important role in radiative forcing, an estimation of its light absorption contribution with high-time resolution is still challenging. In this study, a multi-wavelength (370–950 nm) Aethalometer was applied to obtain the wavelength dependent light absorption coefficient (σabs) of aerosols both before and after being heated to 250°C. An improved absorption Ångström exponent (AAE)-based method was developed to evaluate the contribution of BrC to light absorption at a wavelength of 370 nm (σabs,BrC/σabs,370nm). The σabs,BC at 370 nm was determined from the field measured AAE values for the wavelengths from 880 to 950 nm with a one-hour resolution. The simultaneous measurements of heated aerosols help confirm the negligible influence of BrC on the σabs values across the range of 880–950 nm. Meanwhile, σabs,BrC/σabs,370nm was also estimated with previously reported methods by assuming that the AAE was equal to 1 (Method I) as well as a new approach based on the light absorption enhancement (Method II). While the estimated σabs,BrC/σabs,370nm based on our developed method and Method I is highly correlated (r2 = 0.78), the difference could be as large as > 20% on average. The obtained mean σabs,BrC/σabs,370nm was negative with Method II, indicating the net production of BrC when the aerosols were heated. The difference between the values for σabs,BrC/σabs,370nm obtained by our developed method and by Method II was ~40% on average and much higher (> 50%) during the noon hour, when secondary organic aerosols and sulfate were abundant. We propose that it is more suitable to use an AAE around 0.7 for “pure” BC to evaluate the contribution of BrC to light absorption in the PRD region. The developed method thus helps improve our understanding of the light absorption and climate forcing of BrC.