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Computational Fluid Dynamic Modelling of Particle Charging and Collection in a Wire-to-Plate type Single-Stage Electrostatic Precipitator

Category: Aerosol Physics and Instrumentation

Accepted Manuscripts
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.05.0176
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Ji-Woon Park, Chul Kim, Jaehong Park, Jungho Hwang

  • School of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Korea


A computational fluid dynamic model for single-stage electrostatic precipitators.
Electrical characteristics of single-stage electrostatic precipitators.
Collection efficiency for various particle diameters under various applied voltages.


Electrostatic precipitators (ESPs) have been widely used to control particulate pollutants, which adversely affect human health. In this study, a computational fluid dynamic model for turbulent flow, particle trajectory, and particle charging in ESPs is presented using a pre-developed corona discharge model [Kim et al. (2010), Numerical investigation of corona plasma region in negative wire-to-duct corona discharge. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 10: 446–455], wherein electric field and space charge distributions in the plasma region are numerically calculated. The ESP under consideration is a wire-to-plate type single-stage ESP, which consists of a series of discharge wires and two collecting plates. Two different particles are considered in this study; fly ash and sucrose particles. ‘Fly ash’ is selected because many ESPs have been utilized in coal-power plants to capture fly ash particles generated from combustion. ‘Sucrose’ is selected to compare our numerical calculation results with experimental data found in a literature. The electrical characteristics of the ESP, particle trajectories, particle charge numbers, and collection efficiencies under various operating conditions are demonstrated. For fly ash, the overall collection efficiencies based on particle mass are 61, 86, 95 and 99% at 45, 50, 55 and 60 kV, respectively, at a flow velocity of 1 m s–1.


Electrostatic precipitator Corona discharge Plasma region Particle charge PM2.5

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