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On the Origin of Surface Ozone Episode in Shanghai over Yangtze River Delta during a Prolonged Heat Wave

Category: Urban Air Quality

Volume: 17 | Issue: 11 | Pages: 2804-2815
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.03.0101
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Jian-Bin Wu 1,4, Qian Wang2, Huansheng Chen 1, Yuqia Zhang1, Oliver Wild3

  • 1 State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
  • 2 Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Center, Shanghai 200235, China
  • 3 Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
  • 4 Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health, Shanghai 200135, China

Highlights

Several tools in CAMx model are used to study an O3 episode in Shanghai.
Local industrial and non-local energy/biogenic emissions are the main sources.
Chemical production, horizontal advection and vertical diffusion enhance daytime O3.


Abstract

A heat wave with temperatures over 35°C and sunny stagnant meteorological conditions occurred in Shanghai from 27 July to 5 August 2015, leading to a sustained episode of high ozone lasting 12 days. We have conducted a detailed source apportionment of surface ozone, by precursor source category and region, using a photochemical transport model. In this episode, a southwesterly wind prevailed over the Yangtze River Delta, and therefore precursors from the local Shanghai region and the region immediately to the south of Shanghai are the two major contributors (in total 90%) to ozone in Shanghai. The source apportionment reveals that local industrial sources and energy/biogenic sources in neighbouring regions are the principal causes for the high levels of ozone. By examining the contributions from individual physical and chemical processes, we show that ozone concentrations start to rise rapidly in the morning because chemical production dominates as the solar radiation increases, and while there is little removal by deposition when ozone remains low. In general, chemical production, horizontal advection and vertical diffusion contribute to increase ozone concentration during daytime, and deposition and vertical advection reduce ozone concentrations.

Keywords

Ozone Source apportionment Process analysis Heat wave Shanghai


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