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The Construction and Application of a Multipoint Sampling System for Vehicle Exhaust Plumes

Category: Aerosol Physics and Instrumentation

Volume: 17 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 1705-1716
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2017.02.0076
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Xianbao Shen1,2, Zhiliang Yao 1, Kebin He 2,3, Xinyue Cao1, Huan Liu2,3

  • 1 School of Food and Chemical Engineering, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048, China
  • 2 State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • 3 State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Sources and Control of Air Pollution Complex, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Highlights

A new multipoint sampling system was established.
The new system can accurately capture the exhaust plume near the discharge area.
Changing of CO2 concentration were used to determine whether collecting exhaust.
The relationship between the dilution rate and distance was calculated.


Abstract

To study the formation process of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) in a vehicle exhaust plume near the exhaust gas discharge outlet, a new multipoint sampling system was established. The system has five sampling heads and includes a particulate matter multi-channel film sampling system, a CO2/CO analyzer system, a volatile organic compound (VOC) sampling system, a particulate matter real-time analyzer system, and sensor interfaces. The vehicle exhaust near the exhaust nozzle can be sampled at multiple locations simultaneously using the new multipoint sampling system. Additionally, the system can be used to measure and analyze variations in the fine particulate matter, including the carbonaceous and ionic components, and organic compounds in the plume near the exhaust nozzle. This paper introduces the construction and application of the multipoint sampling system. The motor vehicle exhaust multipoint sampling system is reliable and can accurately capture the characteristics of the exhaust plume near the discharge outlet area. Changes in the CO2 concentration were used to determine whether exhaust was accurately collected at the sampling points. The relationship between the dilution rate and distance was calculated on the basis of on-road test results using the following equation: DR = 21.4X1.16. This equation can be used for modeling purposes, especially in comparisons of model results and observations and in the evaluation of dispersion models.

Keywords

Multipoint Sampling system Exhaust plume PM2.5 components


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