Articles online

Chemical Composition and Light Extinction Contribution of PM2.5 in Urban Beijing for a 1-Year Period

Category: Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Aerosols

Volume: 15 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 2200-2211
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2015.04.0257

Export Citation:  RIS | BibTeX

To cite this article:
Wang, H., Tian, M., Li, X., Chang, Q., Cao, J., Yang, F., Ma, Y. and He, K. (2015). Chemical Composition and Light Extinction Contribution of PM2.5 in Urban Beijing for a 1-Year Period. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 15: 2200-2211. doi: 10.4209/aaqr.2015.04.0257.

Huanbo Wang1, Mi Tian1, Xinghua Li 2, Qing Chang2, Junji Cao3, Fumo Yang 1, Yongliang Ma4, Kebin He4

  • 1 Key Laboratory of Reservoir Aquatic Environment of CAS, Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chongqing 400714, China
  • 2 School of Chemistry and Environment, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
  • 3 Key Lab of Aerosol Chemistry & Physics, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710075, China
  • 4 State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Sources and Control of Air Pollution Complex, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China


The extinction was discussed over four seasons and different AQI levels.
(NH4)2SO4 and NH4NO3 are the main contributors to bext.
The reduction of SNA could be more effective in improving visibility.


Daily PM2.5 samples were collected in Beijing across four consecutive seasons from June 2012 to April 2013. Major water-soluble inorganic ions, carbonaceous species and elements were analyzed to investigate their temporal variations and evaluate their contributions to visibility impairment over different seasons and under different pollution levels. The mass concentrations of PM2.5 ranged from 4.3 to 592.4 µg m–3, with an annual average of 112.4 ± 94.4 µg m–3. The predominant components of PM2.5 were secondary inorganic ions (NH4+, NO3 and SO42–) and carbonaceous compounds, which accounted for 45.9% and 24.1% of the total PM2.5 mass, respectively. Distinct seasonal variation was observed in the mass concentrations and chemical components of PM2.5. The average mass concentrations of PM2.5 were the highest in winter, followed by spring, and lowest in autumn. Light extinction coefficients (bext) were discussed over four seasons. (NH4)2SO4 was the largest contributor (28.8%) to bext, followed by NH4NO3 (24.4%), organic matter (19.5%), elemental carbon (7.4%), and coarse mass (7.2%), while fine soil, sea salt, NO2 and Rayleigh made minor contributions, together accounting for 12.7% of bext. During the polluted periods, the contributions of (NH4)2SO4 and NH4NO3 to bext increased dramatically. Therefore, in addition to control primary particulate emissions, the reduction of their precursors like SO2, NOx and NH3 could effectively improve air quality and visibility in Beijing.


Chemical composition Reconstructed light extinction coefficient Visibility PM2.5

Related Article

Impact of Fine Particulate Matter on Visibility Impairment at Incheon Airport, South Korea

Wan-Sik Won, Rosy Oh, Woojoo Lee, Ki-Young Kim, Sungkwan Ku, Pei-Chen Su, Yong-Jin Yoon

Two-Way Relationship between Aerosols and Fog: A Case Study at IGI Airport, New Delhi

Pramod Digambar Safai , Sachin Ghude, Prakash Pithani, Somnath Varpe, Rachana Kulkarni, Kiran Todekar, Suresh Tiwari, Dilip Motiram Chate, Thara Prabhakaran, Rajendra Kumar Jenamani, Madhavan Nair Rajeevan