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Surface and Column-Integrated Aerosol Properties of Heavy Haze Events in January 2013 over the North China Plain

Category: Air Pollution and Health Effects

Volume: 15 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 1514-1524
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2014.10.0252
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Li Sun1,3, Xiangao Xiangao Xia 1,2, Pucai Wang1, Renjian Zhang4, Huizheng Che5, Zhaoze Deng1, Ye Fei1,3, Liang Ran1, Xiaoyan Meng6

  • 1 Key Laboratory of Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation (LAGEO), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 10029, China
  • 2 Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, 210044, China
  • 3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China
  • 4 Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment for East Asia (RCE-TEA), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 10029, China
  • 5 Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry (LAC), Institute of Atmospheric Composition, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences (CAMS), CMA, Beijing, 100081, China
  • 6 China National Environmental Monitoring Center, Beijing 100012, China

Abstract

Heavy haze events were recorded over the North China Plain (NCP) during January 2013. The meteorological condition, in-situ measurement, and ground remote sensing of aerosol size distributions and aerosol optical properties were analyzed to study the meteorological effects on surface and column-integrated aerosol loading. Besides special terrain, analysis of meteorological parameters showed that such a long-standing pollution event was attributable to stagnant weather with high humidity, frequent inversion and low wind speed. The monthly average mass concentration of particulate matter smaller than 1.0 µm (PM1), 2.5 µm (PM2.5), and 10 µm (PM10) was 169, 190, and 233 µg/m3, respectively. High mass fraction of PM1 (73%) and PM2.5 (82%) in PM10 indicated the domination of fine mode particles. Increase of the fraction of PM1–2.5 during haze events was attributed to the increase of secondary aerosol under high humidity. Two polluted aerosol types (A1, A3) and one background aerosol (A2) were classified based on aerosol optical depth at 440 nm (AOD440) and column-integrated size distributions. The AOD440 of cloud/fog processed aerosol (1.43) was about two and seven times larger than that of A1 and A2, respectively. The single scattering albedo at 675 nm (SSA675) of A3 was ~0.93, which was larger than that of A1 (0.85) and A2 (0.80) due to hygroscopic growth under humid environment.

Keywords

Particle size distribution Size growth Aerosol optical properties Heavy haze


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