OPEN ACCESS

Articles online

Treatment of Ammonia in Air Stream by Biotrickling Filter

Category: Articles

Volume: 7 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 17-32
DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2006.09.0014
PDF

Export Citation:  RIS | BibTeX

Ming-Shean Chou , Chia-Hsi Wang

  • Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan, ROC

Abstract

A pilot-scale reactor, consisting of a set of two-stage-in-series biotrickling filters, an influent gas supply system and a liquid recirculation system, was utilized to treat ammonia in an airstream. Each stage of the biotrickling filter was constructed from a 20 cm × 200 cm (inner diameter × height) acrylic column packed with cokes (average diameter = 3.0 cm, specific area = 150 m2/m3) of 125 cm height. Experimental results indicate that a time of 30 days is required for development of biofilms for nitrification of the absorbed ammonia from the gas. Long-term (187 days) experimental results show that, in the conditions of EBRT (empty bed gas retention time) = 7.25 s, “circulation liquid/gas” flow rate ratio = 7.7 L/m3, and liquid pH = 6.65, the level of ammonia in the influent gas was reduced from 230 to 4.0 ppm. With the volumetric ammonia loading of less than 7.37 g NH3–N/m3.h, the system could achieve ammonia removal and nitrification efficiencies of 98 and 94%, respectively, without supplementary glucose as a carbon source. However, with a loading of 13.1 g NH3–N/m3.h, both decreased gradually due to a lack of carbon source and an accumulation of ammonium and nitrite ions in the recirculation liquid.

Keywords

Ammonia Nitrification Air pollution control Biotrickling filter.


Related Article

Exploring the Variation between EC and BC in a Variety of Locations

Gbenga Oladoyin Salako, Philip K. Hopke , David D. Cohen, Bilkis A. Begum, Swapan K. Biswas, Gauri Girish Pandit, Yong-Sam Chung, Shamsiah Abd Rahman, Mohd Suhaimi Hamzah, Perry Davy, Andreas Markwitz, Dagva Shagjjamba, Sereeter Lodoysamba, Wanna Wimolwattanapun, Supamatthree Bunprapob
;